The name 'Jehoshaphat' means 'God judges'.
In the prophecy of Joel, the 'Valley of Jehoshaphat' is the place in Israel where God is going to judge all the nations. It is the site of Armageddon.
Also relating to that judgment, Joel uses a second name for this place, calling it as well, the 'Valley of Decision':
" Let the nations rouse themselves, let them march to the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for I am going to sit in judgment there on all the nations round. Put the sickle in: the harvest is ripe; come and tread: the winepress is full, the vats are overflowing, so great is their wickedness! Host on host in the Valley of Decision! For the day of God is near in the Valley of Decision!" (Joel 4:12-14).
This 'decision' is a clear indication that the events of the final End are only the last physical elements of a spiritual choice that has been taking place all over the world since the day of Pentecost -- the calling of the world to the Gospel of Jesus to make a decision. The Valley of Jehoshaphat, then, is the Valley of Christ.
Ahab and Jehoshaphat
The Jewish nation will be divided into two separate factions as the End approaches. The leaders of these two factions are represented in the Book of Chronicles by Ahab of Israel and Jehoshaphat of Judea. (2 Chron.15-20).
The story is an allegory. It's fullfillment is still to come. Ahab and Jehoshaphat illustrate the two political philosophies that will hold sway in Israel during the last days.
Ahab represents a future Israeli leader who will reject the spirit of true religion and choose to pursue a militant and worldly course much like the one which has been popularly embraced by many in Israel today.
Jehoshaphat, on the other hand, images Ahab's polar opposite -- a benevolent leader to come who will encourage the peaceful and compassionate righteousness commanded by scripture.
In the end, the outcome defined in the pages of the Book of Chronicles will be repeated. The militant group will perish in battle while those who follow the peaceful directives of Jehoshaphat will have their eyes opened to see Jesus when He returns in glory.
1. 'The Last Days of Babylon, Chapter 13, 'Jerusalem Under Siege'
2. 'The Last Days of Babylon', Chapter 31, 'Michael the Archangel'
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