The
Twelve Apostles of Jesus


The Original Twelve Apostles (listed in Bible order according to Mark 3:13-19)

01. Simon (His name was later changed to "Peter" ["Rock"] by Jesus)
02. James (Son of Zebedee; These two brothers also called "Sons of Thunder")
03. John (Son of Zebedee; These two brothers also called "Sons of Thunder")
02. Andrew (Simon Peter's brother)
06. Philip
07. Bartholomew
05. Levi (A tax collector called "Matthew" by Matthew and Luke )
08. Thomas (the one who doubted)
09. James (Son of Alphaeus)
10. Thaddaeus
11. Simon the Zealot
12. Judas Iscariot (who would later betray Jesus)


The Original Twelve Apostles (listed in Bible order according to Luke 6:12-16)

01. Simon Peter
02. James (Son of Zebedee)
03. John (Son of Zebedee)
02. Andrew (Simon Peter's brother)
06. Philip
07. Bartholomew
05. Matthew (A tax collector called "Levi" by Mark)
08. Thomas
09. James (Son of Alphaeus)
11. Simon the Zealot
10. Judas (of James) He may be the brother of James
12. Judas Iscariot (the betrayor)


The Final Order of the Twelve Apostles (after the betrayel of Judas Iscariot)

01. Simon Peter
02. James (Son of Zebedee)
03. John (Son of Zebedee)
02. Andrew
06. Philip
07. Bartholomew
05. Matthew ("Levi")
08. Thomas
09. James (Son of Alphaeus)
10. Thaddaeus or Judas of James
11. Simon the Zealot
12. Mattathias/Paul (The pagans grafted onto the tribe of Judah)


Governing Apostles

1. Simon Peter (Appointed to head the priestly office by God)

In the Old Testament, Aaron occupied this office.



2. Paul (Appointed the Apostle to the pagans by God; heads the governing office).

In the Old Testament, Moses occupied this office.



2. John (Son of Zebedee) (Appointed to govern the prophetic office).

Elijah In the Old Testament is considered the primier prophet.


 

Mattathias and Paul symbolize Manasseh and Ephraim. They stand for the second generation of the tribes of Israel: i.e., what they evolved to under Christ. These two represent the two houses of Israel. The younger (Paul) is the Apostle of the Pagans who converted to Christianity and Mattathias, the older of the two, is Apostle of the Jews. The birthright passed to the Christians through Ephraim by spiritual symbolism. They obeyed God and accepted His King. The result was an enormous quantity of Christian nations.

Jesus named Simon Peter the cornerstone of His Church (the "Rock" on which that Church would be built). In this we see two priesthoods. The first is that of Melchizadek, symbolism for the priesthood of God. It is a priesthood that goes from Father to One Son exclusively. Peter was named to head the other priesthood: Priesthood of the People. Peter's priesthood (formed in the discovery of the divinity of Jesus) passes to all God's people. What Aaron was to the Mosaic Covenant, Peter is to the New Covenant.

John, author of the Book of Revelation heads the New Testament fulfillment of the Mosaic office of Prophecy.

Paul sits on the Seat of Moses. He was a "tentmaker" (church-maker) raised by God to build the Church. Like Moses was for the Old Testament, Paul is the author of most of the New Testament. He laid out the "tenants" of Jesus Christ that bind the Churches to the obedience of the New Testament. What Moses was to the Old Covenant, Paul is to the New Covenant.


We do not see twelve tribes nowadays because most are invisible. But we do see an Israel divided into two houses (Christians and Jews).

Judah became the base of power as far as the tribes of Israel were concerned (the sceptre was put in the hands of Judah and the mace between his feet). It was a power made visible in Solomon's and Herod's temples. But, as the prophecy said, that power belonged to another; to the Messiah.

Jesus, of course, was born into the tribe of Judah just as Israel's blessing predicted. The prophecy shows that the sceptre belonged to Him. Jesus is King of all mankind. As predicted, His people have become a multitude of nations.

With the physical rebuilding of Jerusalem as the signal to return, both houses of Israel are being called back to the Holy Land in a great ingathering that will encompass (in symbolism) all the tribes of Israel.




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